‘Clare’s Law’ introduced to tackle domestic violence

Domestic violence also named domestic abuse or family violence is violence or other abuse in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. Domestic violence is often used as a synonym for intimate partner violence , which is committed by a spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner, and can take place in heterosexual or same-sex relationships, or between former spouses or partners. In its broadest sense, domestic violence also involves violence against children, parents, or the elderly. It takes a number of forms, including physical , verbal , emotional , economic , religious , reproductive , and sexual abuse , which can range from subtle, coercive forms to marital rape and to violent physical abuse such as choking, beating, female genital mutilation , and acid throwing that results in disfigurement or death. Domestic murders include stoning , bride burning , honor killings , and dowry deaths which sometimes involve non-cohabitating family members. Globally, the victims of domestic violence are overwhelmingly women, and women tend to experience more severe forms of violence.

Domestic violence against men

The Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence , better known as the Istanbul Convention , is a human rights treaty of the Council of Europe against violence against women and domestic violence which was opened for signature on 11 May , in Istanbul , Turkey. The convention aims at prevention of violence, victim protection and to end the impunity of perpetrators.

The Council of Europe has undertaken a series of initiatives to promote the protection of women against violence since the s.

WHO fact sheet on elder maltreatment with key facts and information on the scope of the problem, risk factors, prevention and WHO response.

Domestic violence against men deals with domestic violence experienced by men in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. As with domestic violence against women , violence against men may constitute a crime , but laws vary between jurisdictions. Men who report domestic violence can face social stigma regarding their perceived lack of machismo and other denigrations of their masculinity. The relative prevalence of IPV against men to that of women is highly disputed between different studies, with some countries having no data at all.

Some researchers believe the actual number of male victims may be greater than law enforcement statistics suggest due to the number of men who do not report their abuse. IPV against men is a controversial area of research, with terms such as gender symmetry , battered husband syndrome and bidirectional IPV provoking a great deal of debate.

The lines of the debate tend to fall between two basic polemics. The first of these argues that scholars who focus on female-perpetrated IPV are part of an anti-feminist backlash, and are attempting to undermine the problem of male-perpetrated abuse by championing the cause of the man, over the much more serious cause of the abused woman. Determining the rate of intimate partner violence IPV against males can be difficult, as men may be reluctant to report their abuse or seek help.

On the other hand, many abusive men readily adopt a victim identity. For example, O.

Domestic violence in Iran

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to domestic violence:. Domestic violence — pattern of abusive behaviors by one or both partners in an intimate relationship , such as marriage, dating, family, or cohabitation. It is also known as domestic abuse, spousal abuse, battering, family violence, and intimate partner violence IPV. Epidemiology of domestic violence — Domestic violence occurs across the world, in various cultures, [6] and affects people across society, irrespective of economic status [7] or gender.

The following table includes the forms of violence typically defined as part of Intimate partner violence , which is domestic violence in an intimate relationship by one’s spouse or lover.

Domestic violence in India includes any form of violence suffered by a person from a biological relative, but typically is the violence suffered by a woman by male.

Domestic violence is widespread in Russia, much like in many countries of the world. Whilst reliable data is hard to come by, estimates from the early s say that an estimated 14, women die each year in Russia from domestic-violence-related injuries, or about 38 per day. According to Human Rights Watch , as many as 36, women and 26, children faced daily abuse at home in Domestic violence affects one in four Russian families.

Alcoholism is often a factor, as Russia is one of the hardest drinking nations of the world with the average male drinking up to 50 bottles of vodka a year as of Preventive work with families has been instituted by police and social services. A legislative change in decriminalised some instances of domestic violence. In a representative of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Lt. Gen Mikhail Artamoshkin expressed his concerns over the country’s crime rate, that had doubled in a mere five years between and He emphasized that also domestic violence had increased so that up to 40 percent of all serious violent crimes were committed within families.

Every year about 14, women died at the hands of their partners or other relatives, and 3, women killed their partners. In 90 percent of cases, a woman had first experienced systematic beating and violence. About two-thirds of premeditated murders and grievous bodily harm was done in intimate relations or within families. The violence in one form or another was observed in almost every fourth family.

Women’s shelter

Domestic violence in India includes any form of violence suffered by a person from a biological relative, but typically is the violence suffered by a woman by male members of her family or relatives. The National Crime Records Bureau report of India states a reported crime rate of 46 per ,, rape rate of 2 per ,, dowry homicide rate of 0. There are several domestic violence laws in India. The earliest law was the Dowry Prohibition Act which made the act of giving and receiving dowry a crime.

In an effort to bolster the law, two new sections, Section A and Section B were introduced into the Indian Penal Code in and

Pregnancy when coupled with domestic violence is a form of intimate partner violence (IPV) where health risks may be amplified. Abuse during pregnancy.

Domestic violence hotlines provide emergency support and referral services over the phone those in volatile relationships. Hotlines are generally dedicated to women escaping abusive relationships and provide referral to women’s shelters. Domestic violence hotlines are generally available at all times during the day, however, problems with busy lines or disconnections due to lack of funding sometimes limit their usefulness. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Further information: Domestic violence in Australia. Further information: Domestic violence in Canada. Further information: Domestic violence in China. Further information: Domestic violence in Japan. Further information: Domestic violence in New Zealand.

Domestic violence in India

Family violence is defined as a pattern of abusive behaviors by one family member against another. Discuss the various types of domestic violence, such as physical or economic, as well as the effects on all people involved. Domestic violence is defined as a pattern of abusive behaviors by one partner against another in an intimate relationship such as marriage, dating, family, or cohabitation. Alcohol consumption and mental illness can be co-morbid with abuse, presenting additional challenges in eliminating domestic violence.

In general, awareness, perception, definition, and documentation of domestic violence differ widely from country to country, and from era to era.

domestic violence: Violence against another in an intimate relationship such as marriage or domestic partnership. Economic Abuse: When one intimate partner.

Physical abuse is any intentional act causing injury or trauma to another person or animal by way of bodily contact. In most cases, children are the victims of physical abuse, but adults can also be victims, as in cases of domestic violence or workplace aggression. Alternative terms sometimes used include physical assault or physical violence , and may also include sexual abuse. Physical abuse may involve more than one abuser, and more than one victim.

Physical abuse means any non-accidental act or behavior causing injury , trauma , or other physical suffering or bodily harm. Abusive acts toward children can often result from parents’ attempts at child discipline through excessive corporal punishment. A number of causes of physical abuse against children have been identified, the most common of which, according to Mash and Wolfe, being:.

Physical abuse

Domestic violence within lesbian relationships is the pattern of violent and coercive behavior in a female same-sex relationship wherein a lesbian or other non-heterosexual woman seeks to control the thoughts, beliefs, or conduct of her female intimate partner. The issue of domestic violence among lesbians has become a serious social concern, [4] but the topic has often been ignored, both in academic analyses and in the establishment of social services for battered women.

Studies on abuse between gay male or lesbian partners usually rely on small convenience samples such as lesbian or gay male members of an association. The issue of domestic violence among lesbian couples may be underreported due to the social construction of gender roles that women are expected to play in society; violence perpetrated by women may be ignored due to beliefs that the male social construction itself is a primary source of violence. Due to forms of discrimination , homophobia , and heterosexism , and the belief that heterosexuality is normative within society, domestic violence has been characterized as being between the male perpetrator and the female victim.

Further, the fear of reinforcing negative stereotypes could lead some community members, activists, and victims to deny the extent of violence among lesbians.

Domestic violence against men deals with domestic violence experienced by men in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. As with domestic​.

Domestic violence in Guyana is widespread and crosses racial and socioeconomic lines. The law prohibits domestic violence, gives women the right to seek prompt protection, and allows victims to seek protection, occupation, or tenancy orders from a magistrate. The government uses laws and policies against domestic violence with some measure of success; the problems lie with the failure of those responsible for implementation. Magistrates and magistrate court staff are often insensitive to the problem of domestic violence and to their roles in ensuring implementation of the law.

In addition, not all police officers fully understand provisions of the law. NGOs report a widespread perception that some police officers and magistrates could be bribed to make cases of domestic violence “go away. NGOs assert the need for a specialized Family Court. Domestic violence is a problem in all regions of the country. Enforcement of the domestic violence laws is especially weak in the interior, where police do not have as strong a presence and courts meet only once a quarter.

Between January and September , Help and Shelter handled abuse cases, including child , spousal, nonspousal, and other domestic abuse; of the cases involved spousal abuse directed against women. Help and Shelter, which received private donor and some government funding, ran a free shelter for victims of domestic violence and operated a hotline to counsel victims.

NGOs run public service announcements and train police officers, teachers, nurses, agricultural workers, religious groups, and health clinics to sensitize them to domestic violence. Domestic violence training is part of the curriculum of the Police Training College.

Domestic violence in Russia

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Text for H.R – th Congress (): Preventing Animal Cruelty and Torture Act.

Intimate partner violence IPV is domestic violence by a current or former spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner. The most extreme form of such violence may be termed battering , intimate terrorism , coercive controlling violence , or simply coercive control , in which one person is violent and controlling; this is generally perpetrated by men against women, and is the most likely of the types to require medical services and the use of a women’s shelter.

The most common but less injurious form of intimate partner violence is situational couple violence also known as situational violence , which is conducted by individuals of both genders nearly equally, [5] [6] [7] and is more likely to occur among younger couples, including adolescents see teen dating violence and those of college age. Intimate partner violence occurs between two people in an intimate relationship. It may occur between heterosexual or homosexual couples and victims can be male or female.

Couples may be dating, cohabiting or married and violence can occur in or outside of the home. Studies in the s showed that both men and women could be abusers or victims of domestic violence. The World Health Organization WHO defines intimate partner violence as “any behaviour within an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological or sexual harm to those in the relationship”. The WHO reported in that the incidence of women who had experienced physical or sexual abuse from an intimate partner in their lifetime was: [15].

The U.

Abusive power and control

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The Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence, better known as the Istanbul Convention, is a.

Domestic violence in Iran is a form of expressed by one partner or partners against another partner or partners in the content of an intimate relationship in Iran. In Iran, domestic relations in a couple are regulated by the Civil Code, which constructs marriage as a hierarchic institution where the husband has authority over his wife. Article reads: “In relations between husband and wife; the position of the head of the family is the exclusive right of the husband”.

The nature of domestic violence is complicated by both a national culture and authoritative state that support control, oppression and violence against women. It does so by setting up an unequal legal system and not punishing assault even when it has resulted in severe injury or at times even death. The conversation of domestic violence then cannot be simply domestic but begins to take the shape of a systematic violence, fueled by tradition, ignited by religion, encouraged by the dominant authoritarian state, and empowered by poverty and illiteracy.

At the heart of the issue is the belief, rooted in common law , that men are responsible for their household affairs, especially treatment of family members, and should not be subject to intervention by the government. Iranian feminists believe that women’s issues must be further investigated since so many women are facing domestic violence in Iran. So far, their analyses fail to take into account the gender implications of the struggle against absolutism and traditional authority.

However, the dynamic interaction of the reform project with demands and aspirations of various sectors of Iranian public life will not allow the issue to rest here. Religious intellectuals, in their attempt to recreate essential religious truth in the form of new intellectual concepts and systems, will increasingly have to deal with systemic gender inequalities in a more systematic manner.

Although the Iranian society is starting to recognize the issues surrounding beating women in Islamic household, many Muslims are reluctant to admit such issues exist. An argument is that hadiths are not the word of God, but rather statements that historical Muslim figures, like Muhammad , made. Iranian women argue that these hadiths could be misinterpreted and therefore should not be taken as orders or truth.

Domestic violence in the United States

Psychological abuse , often called emotional abuse , is a form of abuse , characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another person to behavior that may result in psychological trauma , including anxiety , chronic depression , or post-traumatic stress disorder. As of [update] , there was no consensus regarding the definition of emotional abuse. It can include anything from verbal abuse and constant criticism to more subtle tactics such as intimidation, manipulation, and refusal to ever be pleased.

In this paper, we propose a framework to understand and detect such abuse in the English Wikipedia community. We analyze the publicly.

The National Domestic Violence Hotline is a hour confidential service for survivors, victims and those affected by domestic violence, intimate partner violence and relationship abuse. All calls are free and confidential. The Domestic Violence Hotline offers a variety of help options. It is a project of the National Domestic Violence Hotline. Break the Cycle provides leadership and education opportunities to teach young people about healthy relationships.

Loveisrespect , a hour national Web-based and telephone resource, was created to help teens ages 13—18 experiencing dating abuse, and is the only helpline in the country serving all 50 states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.

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